The G20 summit in India concluded without achieving a consensus on the reduction of fossil fuel usage, as certain producer nations raised objections, as reported by Reuters on July 22. The failure to reach an agreement has left scientists and campaigners exasperated with the slow progress made by international bodies in tackling global warming, especially when extreme weather events worldwide serve as stark reminders of the urgent climate crisis facing the planet. With the G20 member countries responsible for a significant majority of global emissions and economic output, their collective efforts to decarbonize are vital in the global fight against climate change. However, differing views among the nations, such as disagreements over the intended tripling of renewable energy capacities by 2030, resulted in the issuance of an outcome statement and chair summary instead of a joint communique following the four-day meeting held in Bambolim, India.
The summit’s discussions revolved around pressing issues, including urging developed countries to fulfill the commitment of jointly mobilizing USD100bn per year for climate action in developing economies from 2020 to 2025. Despite efforts to address the use of fossil fuels, officials failed to agree on curbing the “unabated” use of fossil fuels and struggled to find common ground on the language used to outline emission reduction strategies. While a draft proposed emphasizing efforts towards a phasedown of unabated fossil fuels in accordance with each nation’s circumstances, the final chair statement incorporated concerns from some member nations, suggesting that abatement and removal technologies could be more appropriate solutions.